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Peptic ulcer is basically a lesion located at the level of the stomach, duodenum or esophagus. Ulcer tends to affect the entire gastrointestinal tract, starting from the lining of the mouth and ending with the rectal region. Peptic ulcer suggests the involvement of hydrochloric acid and pepsin in the development of the disorder. When gastric acid is produced in excess, the mucosal membrane that protects the stomach and internal organs from danger is damaged, enabling the bacteria Helicobacter pylori to penetrate the barrier and cause internal infections. Therefore, in the case of peptic ulcer, both gastric acid and bacteria are responsible for the development of the disorder.

Common Aspects of Peptic Ulcer

Common Aspects of Peptic UlcerPeptic ulcer is basically a lesion located at the level of the stomach, duodenum or esophagus. Ulcer tends to affect the entire gastrointestinal tract, starting from the lining of the mouth and ending with the rectal region. Peptic ulcer suggests the involvement of hydrochloric acid and pepsin in the development of the disorder. When gastric acid is produced in excess, the mucosal membrane that protects the stomach and internal organs from danger is damaged, enabling the bacteria Helicobacter pylori to penetrate the barrier and cause internal infections. Therefore, in the case of peptic ulcer, both gastric acid and bacteria are responsible for the development of the disorder.Peptic ulcer located in the stomach is called gastric ulcer; "peptic ulcer" located at the level of the duodenum is called duodenal ulcer and peptic ulcer developed at the level of the esophagus is called esophageal ulcer. Peptic ulcer is very common, millions of Americans being diagnosed with different forms of the disorder each year. The advance of modern medicine has allowed scientists to find out more valuable information about these disorders, enabling them to develop new medical treatments. Although in the past peptic ulcer was known to affect mostly male persons, more and more women suffer from forms of peptic ulcer nowadays. Statistics indicate that the predominance of smoking among women has determined an increase of peptic ulcer incidence with the female gender.Peptic ulcers can sometimes develop into more serious disorders. As a result of complications, peptic ulcer may lead to perforate or bleeding ulcer. These two forms of ulcer are considered to be very dangerous, research results indicating a high probability of death due to such complications. Perforate ulcer involves severe tearing of the mucosal membrane, causing acute pain and sourness at the abdominal level. Bleeding ulcer involves internal hemorrhages and it needs immediate medical intervention. Most forms of perforate and bleeding ulcer require surgery due to their gravity. If the bleeding is severe, the medical intervention is primarily focused on stopping the hemorrhage and resuscitating the patient. The patient requires blood transfusions to compensate for the loss of blood and needs to be kept under constant monitoring until recovered. The most common symptoms of bleeding ulcer are: nausea, fever, vomiting blood, presence of blood in the feces, black feces, dehydration, fatigue and body weakness. Due to loss of blood, such forms of ulcer may lead to anemia. Some peptic ulcers are therefore more difficult to treat than others. When dealing with peptic ulcer, it is very important too keep away from alcohol, caffeine, cigarettes and cola, as these may all aggravate the symptoms of the disorder. You should try to respect a healthy diet and follow the medical treatment prescribed by your physician. If you respect these directions, your ulcer symptoms will most likely ameliorate within the first week of treatment, ensuring the remission of the disorder.

Penile Cancer: Saying Goodbye to Peter

Penile Cancer: Saying Goodbye to Peter

Men are particularly proud of their packages and the number of times they use it to pleasure women. What escapes them is the fact that careless overuse of it and a lack of hygiene may get their members into big trouble and ultimately put mens sexual health in jeopardy.Penile cancerCancer of the penis is a rare condition that affects the male genital organ. The American Cancer Society approximates about 1,530 reported cases of penile cancer yearly. It occurs in a ratio of about one or two men out of a hundred thousand in the United States alone, and is said to kill about 280 men each year.To define it more technically, penile cancer is a malignant growth of cells in the tissues and/or external area of the penis. It usually originates from the glans and/or the foreskin. Though it may rarely occur, it is generally an aggressive form of cancer that has a tendency to spread. Uncircumcised men are at higher risk of acquiring this form of cancer.Doctors have to know what stage the cancer is in to determine how treatment will be implemented. Stages are differentiated as follows:Stage 1:Cancer cells are found only on the surface of the head of the penis and the foreskin.Stage 2:Cancer cells are found in the deeper tissues of the glans and have already spread to the penile shaft.Stage 3:Cancer cells are found in the penis and have already reached the lymph nodes in the groin.Stage 4:Cancer cells are found throughout the penis and the lymph nodes in the groin and have already spread to other parts of the body.CausesThe exact cause of penile cancer is difficult to pinpoint. However, uncircumcised men appear to have higher risks of developing this form of cancer. The presence of smegma, a cheese-like, foul-smelling substance found under the foreskin of the penis, appears to have a connection to increased chances of penile cancer in uncircumcised men. Poor genital hygiene also increases cancer risks because smegma may still deposit itself under the foreskin even if it has been circumcised. Unhealthy sexual practices may also cause cancer of the penis. The human papilloma virus (HPV) causes genital warts formation. Genital warts are passed on through sexual contact and are among the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Smoking reduces full functionality of the Langerhans cells in the male penis. Langerhans cells are found in the lining of the penis to control genetic changes in a mans penis. Also, smoking increases cancer risks as sixty out of four thousand chemicals found in cigarettes are generally carcinogenic.Signs and SymptomsMany cases of cancer of the penis can be easily detected during the early stages. These symptoms often signal patients to seek immediate medical attention. However, there are some cases where the patients do not manifest any signs until it has reached its advanced stage, and some may show symptoms that may appear to be due to some other disease aside from cancer.Below is a list of the most common symptom of having penile cancer:Abnormal growths on the penis. Warts, blisters, sores, ulcerations, white patches that may be painful or not.Abnormal penile discharge. Any unusual fluid coming from the penis.Bleeding.TreatmentTreatment will depend on the gravity and stage of the cancer. It may include one or a combination of the following:Surgery. This includes removal of the tumor and some healthy tissues surrounding the tumor. It may also require circumcision, where cancerous foreskin is removed. At worst, partial or total removal of the penis and associated lymph nodes.Radiation therapy. This is administered along with surgery to prevent recurrence of the cancer.Chemotherapy. Topical medications may be used during the early stages of penile cancer.Being proud of your healthy sexual appetite should not distract you from keeping yourself safe and protected. You, after all, only have one sexual organ and you should be taking care of it. Taking it for granted may put an end to any mans sexual activity and make you regret it for the rest of your life.

Phenocal Review-Can It Lessen The Difficulties Of Weight Loss?

Phenocal Review-Can It Lessen The Difficulties Of Weight Loss?

A person who is interested in losing weight should not only concentrate on eating less and exercising regularly, but also in ensuring that stored fat in the body is converted to energy and metabolism is increased. However, due to busy lifestyle, stress or sedentary living, many people suffer from slow metabolic rate and poor energy synthesis.Good thing there are many diet supplements available in the market that promise to help bolster metabolism and promote thermogenesis, or the process by which the body utilizes stored body fat and converts it to energy. One product that claims to be effective in both aspects is Phenocal. Created by Pharmaxa Labs, this all-natural supplement is a proprietary blend of herbs and plants that have been carefully chosen to help curb appetite, increase energy, improve metabolism and burn fat faster. This may seem a tall order for one supplement. But most of the active ingredients listed on the product label have been clinically proven to aid in speedy and healthy weight loss; among them are Green Tea, Chromium, and Evodiamine.Only after scientists have discovered that Green Tea is rich in antioxidants and can help with weight loss did this herb attained prominence in the West. However, green tea has long been a popular drink in ancient Japan. The elements in this plant that make it a great diet supplement are catechin polyphenols, these are compounds that help enhance oxidation of fat and boost thermogenesis. A study conducted by Japanese scientists found that drinking at least five cups of Green Tea a day can raise metabolic rate and burn fat quickly. It seems that aside from catechin polyphenols, the caffeine and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) contents of Green Tea also promote conversion of stored fat into energy. Not all products that claim to have Green Tea extract also contain the beneficial essences. More often than not, important substances are lost during processing. However, Phenocal is one of the few diet supplements that contain both catechins (80) compounds found in Green Tea. Chromium is another component in Phenocal. It is an essential mineral already found in the body. This trace mineral is vital in the utilization of fats and carbohydrates; it also influences the ability of cells to use insulin properly. In recent years, Chromium gained popularity as an important ingredient in weight loss pills because of its ability to effectively make blood sugar accessible to cells for use as a basic form of energy or fuel. Thus, Chromium does not only help people shed pounds, but also help prevent diabetes and certain heart ailments. Furthermore, experts also found out that Chromium can decrease levels of bad cholesterol and even build muscles. Results of a double-blind study showed that overweight participants who took 400 mcg of Chromium a day for three months posted an average loss of 6.2 pounds of body fat. Also the study confirmed that the body lean mass was kept intact; this means Chromium can make a person lose fat and without damaging muscles.Another element in Phenocal that is known for its thermogenic property is Evodiamine, also known as Wu-Chu-Yu in China. This alkaloid comes from the plant Evodiae Fructus. Clinical studies on animals show that Evodiamine is effective in raising the temperature of the body, which can influence the metabolic rate. Raising body heat production increases the resting core temperature of the body, which in turn raises the amount of fat and calories burned for fuel and energy. Subject animals that were given Evodiamine-rich diet actually lost substantial weight.Green Tea, Chromium, and Evodiamine are just three of the weight-reducing components included in Phenocal. Independent studies have confirmed the advantages of these substances in trimming down excess weight. With these ingredients, Phenocal can make weight loss a much easier endeavor.

Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera

The Aloe vera plant is an African succulent that is popular in folk remedies. Today, you can find Aloe vera outside Africa since it is a popular garden plant, especially in dry areas where gardens must be created with the climate in mind. Aloe vera is also commercially cultivated all over the world to be used in folk medicines. Outside Africa, you will find the largest Aloe vera farms in the Mediterranean region, the United States, the Caribbean and Japan. An Aloe vera plant will also do well indoors, but keep in mind that it can grow very large and need re-potting. Just like all the other succulent plants, the Aloe vera can store large amounts of water. This is an adaptation to a life in regions susceptible to droughts. Wild Aloe vera is commonly found in regions that experience large temperature differences between day and night. When the dew falls, the Aloe vera can absorb the moist and use it to survive. The Aloe vera will store water in its large fleshy leaves. Inside an Aloe vera leaf, you will find a clear jellylike liquid. This liquid forms the base of the Aloe vera juice that is so popular in folk medicine. If you grow your own Aloe vera plant, you can use the gel directly instead of converting it into Aloe vera juice. The gel is for instance used on minor injuries and burns since many people find it soothing and pain relieving. It also has antibacterial properties.Aloe vera can also be used internally, but the scientific studies regarding its affects on the human body is still limited and internal Aloe vera treatments should therefore always be embarked on with caution. Discussing the treatment with a licenses medical professional is recommended. Internal Aloe vera treatment is popular among patients suffering from heartburn, ulcers, diverticular disorders and other digestive problems. It is suspected that the antibacterial property of the Aloe vera is the cause of the relief reported by many patients. In commercially available Aloe vera remedies, it is usually Aloe vera juice that forms the active ingredient. If you by low-quality Aloe vera remedies, they might not have been made from pure Aloe vera juice. If other parts of the plant enter the remedy, the treatment can act as a strong laxative. This effect is cause by the so called Aloe vera latex that is located in special cells, the so called pericyclic tubules, which are found along the inner skin of the Aloe vera leaf. Proper processing methods are necessary to ensure that no latex enter the Aloe vera juice. If you experience unwanted laxative effects or cramps when using medications containing Aloe vera, you should refrain from using it and try to find a better manufacturer that can provide you with high-quality Aloe vera products. Never use Aloe vera internally if you are currently using oral corticosteroids, since Aloe vera will interact with this medication. Beclomethasone, Prednisone and Methylprednisolone are three common examples of oral corticosteroids. The combination can cause potassium deficiency and poisoning. Psyllium will also be affected by the active compounds in Aloe vera, and combining the two remedies are therefore unadvisable. If you still choose to do so, you should make sure that you never ingest them simultaneously. Allow at least two hours to pass before you take the second drug.

Online MDs- Why To Get Your Practice On The Web

Doctors across the United States and around the world are making use of the latest technology and the convenience of the internet in a variety of ways. Whether it's better patient care or making their presence known in their communities, medical professionals have come to depend on web sites, web hosting, and databases. It is no longer a luxury, but fast becoming par for the course.Better Patient CareThe internet is often used for transfer of all types of medical data. Particularly with respect to radiology, the technology now exists to transmit CAT or PET scan images over the web for analysis by physicians in remote locations, or to transfer patient information quickly whether it's across the country or around the world. Unfortunately, this technology is seeing limited use and usually only in affiliation with larger, teaching medical centers. Transfer of individual patient information is constrained by the HIPPA regulations to the point that signatures are required for exchange of that type of data and tend to be transmitted in paper form or by fax. While some medical facilities maintain advanced databases for patient records, the information contained in them remains closely held.Maintaining a database of patient records will make filing simpler for employees, free up office space that was once dedicated filing cabinets, allow for fewer mistakes on charts and quicker and more accurate retrieval and transfer by any medium.Community Medical ListingsThe most likely place to find a physician's name, specialty and location on the web is through the regional online service listings. There are probably half a dozen 'yellow page' ecommerce type services in most major metropolitan areas that have medical listings. Additionally, there are the 'city search' type web hosted services that provide local information on entertainment, restaurants and local attractions - and will also provide legal and medical listings. There are dedicated listing services such as yourmd.com that are more comprehensive, providing specialty information and an area for the physician to provide comments on treatment focus and philosophy, but provide only a basic phone number and address listing. A small monthly fee is charged. Personal Medical WebsitesIf a physician chooses to utilize online listing services, it would be of substantial value if those listings included a clickable web address for the individual doctor or practice. Any medical practice or professional listed online should consider establishing its own hosted web site, so that the browsing consumer can click to a dedicated page introducing the doctor(s) and the practice specialties. Post professional information: where you were educated, hospitals you have worked at, and information about your specialty. Allow potential new patients to contact through your website with an online form or contact link for email. Post a picture, your address, phone number, and hours. List all your services and what insurances you accept. Give as much information as possible.Educate Your Current Patients And Attract New OnesThere are a couple of specialties that have recognized the value of using online presentation of information. One is sports medicine: many clinics for sports-related injuries have web sites that discuss rehabilitation philosophy as well as surgical options and the clinical backgrounds of the staff. Another is pediatrics: a field where many group practices have established websites in order to create an introductory environment designed to put the browsing parent at ease. Brief biographies of the doctors in the practice may be found there, along with any specialties that apply. Physicians that have established their own hosted web sites will often use them to provide basic information on common afflictions and links to more comprehensive sites about the diseases. Provision of this sort of information is often done with literature and usually with the physician walking the patient through it. For that sort of patient care, a hosted website can be a timesaver for the doctor. "Look it up on my website and call if you have questions" can be a timely and convenient closer for an office visit.Thorough Patient CareA doctor's personal website can provide alternative contacts and telephone numbers for weekend or off-hour care. It can route calls to information nurses or other personnel on staff; providing a service that otherwise is simply another phone message for the doctor to return. It can also provide an email link for inquiries about appointment times - a worthwhile service for an office with phone lines that are often busy. In the medical field, a hosted website dedicated to a single doctor or practice is more an introduction and information source than an advertising vehicle. If designed and utilized properly, a personal medical website can be an efficient and useful tool in the practice of medicine.

Winter Sniffles: Allergies, or the Common Cold?

The cold days of winter bring most of us indoors for the year and then the sniffles start up. Symptoms like sneezing, congestion, and sore throat are common during the winter months. These unpleasant symptoms can be evidence of a winter cold, but they can also mean indoor allergies. What are the causes of these winter ailments, and how can they be identified (and treated)?Winter weather can indirectly cause both colds and indoor allergies. Colds increase in winter because people spend more time inside, confined to small spaces where viruses and germs can be easily passed around. Also, the viruses which cause colds thrive in low-humidity environments, which are typically found in the cold dry months of winter. Low humidity, combined with air blowing from indoor heating systems, causes drying of the nasal passages, which can increase susceptibility to infection.With indoor allergies, it's a similar story. Indoor allergies are caused by dust, which contains a wide variety of allergy-causing particles like animal dander, mold spores, pollen, dust mites and dust mite waste. Spending more time indoors means increased exposure to these allergens. Plus, indoor heating systems circulate air through the house, knocking loose many allergy causing particles on carpets, furniture, and dusty shelves. Then, these allergens are circulated through your home, right along with the warm cozy air. Colds and allergies also show themselves in very similar ways, making it difficult to tell them apart. Symptoms of colds include congestion, stuffy nose, swelling of sinuses, sneezing, scratchy sore throat, headaches, aches and pains, fever, and a cough. Allergy symptoms include stuffed or runny nose, sneezing, wheezing, sore throat, watery and itchy eyes, and sometimes headaches. The main difference between cold and allergy symptoms is that colds usually come with body aches and pains and possibly a low-grade fever, while allergies do not. In addition, colds usually last 7-10 days, while allergies will persist as long as the exposure to the offending allergen continues. If you have cold-like symptoms which persist for more than two weeks, it's a good guess that you're dealing with an allergy, not a cold.Complicating matters, frequent colds may in fact result from allergies. Your body responds to tiny allergens by producing mucus, in an attempt to expel them. However, nasal mucus is also a breeding ground for viruses and bacteria, which can cause colds and sinus infections. Treating allergies will help prevent these, which is why it's a good idea to identify allergies early and treat them accordingly.It's important to distinguish between colds and allergies, in order to give appropriate treatment. Cold viruses thrive in low humidity, and nasal dryness can lead to increased susceptibility to colds, so running a humidifier in cold dry winter months may be helpful. However, dust mites thrive on high humidity, so if you're suffering from indoor allergies, the low humidity is your ally. And while rest and plenty of fluids may cure a cold, allergies will persist as long as exposure continues.To treat and prevent indoor allergies:Visit an allergy doctor who can help you identify the offending indoor allergensMaintain low indoor humidity to kill dust mites and moldVacuum using a HEPA filtered vacuum and run a HEPA air purifier to remove airborne allergens Encase mattress, pillows, and bedding in allergen-barrier encasings to protect from dust mite allergiesDust and clean frequentlyTo treat and prevent winter colds:Wash your hands frequently and disinfect surfacesGet plenty of exercise and restEat nutritiously, with lots of fruits and vegetablesAvoid alcohol, tobacco, and excess stressRelieve cold symptoms with nasal decongestants and cough suppressantsWhen treating a cold, remember that medicines may relieve symptoms, but they will not cure the cold. Only giving your body the proper care it needs rest, proper nutrition, and plenty of fluids will cure the cold. And with allergies, the best way to treat allergy symptoms is to remove the offending allergens from the environment.

Summary

Peptic ulcer is basically a lesion located at the level of the stomach, duodenum or esophagus. Ulcer tends to affect the entire gastrointestinal tract, starting from the lining of the mouth and ending with the rectal region. Peptic ulcer suggests the involvement of hydrochloric acid and pepsin in the development of the disorder. When gastric acid is produced in excess, the mucosal membrane that protects the stomach and internal organs from danger is damaged, enabling the bacteria Helicobacter pylori to penetrate the barrier and cause internal infections. Therefore, in the case of peptic ulcer, both gastric acid and bacteria are responsible for the development of the disorder.